The Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders in Breast Cancer Patients; A Cross-Sectional Study of Breast Cancer Patients Experience in Pakistan


Emotion regulation, hospital anxiety, depression, positive and negative affect.

How to Cite

Rashid, A., Aqeel, M., Malik, D. B., & Salim, D. S. (2022). The Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders in Breast Cancer Patients; A Cross-Sectional Study of Breast Cancer Patients Experience in Pakistan. Nature-Nurture Journal of Psychology, 1(1). Retrieved from


Background: This present study examined the prevalence and association of psychiatric disorders including hospital anxiety, stress, and depression, positive and negative affect in breast cancer patients. Furthermore, this study also investigated moderating role of emotional regulation on the relationship between hospital anxiety, and symptoms of   stress, anxiety and depression.

Methods: Purposive sampling technique was used bases on cross-sectional study design. One hundred fifty-five    diagnose patients with breast cancer were recruited from different hospitals as the Noori Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Kulsoom International Hospital and Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from August, 2019 to January, 2020 . The participant’s age ranges from 20 to 50 years old (M=35.00, SD=2.01). Four standardized instruments were performed to examine the prevalence of hospital anxiety, stress, depression, anxiety, emotional regulation, positive and negative mood swings in patients with breast.    

Results: Correlational and moderation analysis was performed to analyze data of study.   This study’s results demonstrated that hospital anxiety was positively associated with psychological distress, anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients. Moreover, results of current study   revealed that emotional regulation was negatively related to higher level of negative mood and hospital depression in cancer patients.  Moreover, Finding also demonstrated that emotional regulation was playing role of moderator between overall hospital anxiety and   emotional regulation in breast cancer patients.  Moderation analysis found that hospital anxiety was associated with lower level of   stress because it favors of higher prevalence of emotional regulation in breast cancer patients. 

Conclusions: The results of this study will be very helpful in hospitals for evaluation psychiatric features such as depression, anxiety and stress in breast cancer patients. But still there is a need to discover other psychological factors relating this study.

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